To establish nanometer sized neutral atomic silver in water as a credible instrument for destroying dangerous pathogens causing infections and in particular those classed as biofilm protected bacterial colonies also known as “Super Bugs” for which I will not claim any intellectual property rights.
To establish an International Standard for a high grade “Colloidal Silver” containing only nanometer sized atomic silver clusters of a size no larger than 10 nanometer and a narrow distribution not exceeding a range of 10 nanometer.
To design and construct affordable nano silver production equipment as well as equally affordable and appropriate testing instrument prototypes in order to establish all of the important characteristics of the “Colloidal Silver” such as cluster (particle) size, Zeta potential and concentration.
To set up an experimental testing station for the promotion of further research by myself and others.
To write technical/scientific papers on all aspects of the research stated aforementioned.
To determine what exactly constitutes electro-photochemically reconstituted pico and nano metre sized atomic silver clusters electrically suspended in an aqueous suspension, in the first instance. From making this statement, the natural progression is the equally important question “Is this product benevolent or dangerous?” So far in the absence of approved off clinical trials in vivo, only topical and in vitro use is advocated.
When I was first confronted with the concept of so-called colloidal silver some 15 years earlier. I was not immediately convinced that small bits of silver suspended in water was being considered as an effective antiseptic against bacteria. Likewise the idea to have the output from an oscillator feeding its signal into the wrist would kill any harmful bacteria in the blood as it passed through the wrist. In early 2008 however a chance encounter with scientists at a local university in Brisbane, seemed to have accepted that this silver substance as an effective biocide was indeed worth investigating. Little did I realise the complexity of it all.
For a start samples of this so-called colloidal silver were produced under ambient light and temperature conditions and often through the use of two silver electrodes partially submersed in distilled water and placing a small DC or AC voltage potential across them. Testing in the Laboratory was equally primitive with the only instrumentation available were in the form of a Conductance meter, a pH meter and a Flame Mass Spectrophotometer to determine the concentration. This was useless as such a very expensive instrument is totally incapable of telling apart neutral silver from ionic silver. Seeing these primitive attempts in both manufacture and quality control, I slowly but surely started coming up with new concepts and ideas how it should be done. Like everyone else though, I too started out the simplistic way but with a difference: To only produce stable neutral silver without any ionic content. I knew from my hobby in practical electronics that matter of opposite polarity in close proximity is counter-productive. A sudden insight gleaned from an article by an amateur astronomer that his silver covered parabolic mirror was for some reason not able to take proper photographs of blue coloured stars such as Rigel in the Constellation Orion. I immediately realised the significance of this: Silver has a refractive index at dark blue (actually the spectral colour violet) at around 420nm. For that reason so-called colloidal silver in a high enough concentration presents during daylight a yellowish tinge just like the window pane of ancient churches and cathedrals, containing pulverised metallic silver. Likewise this occurs with fine particulate gold turning glass a ruby red. It was certainly one way to preserve one’s precious metals. Incidentally, the amateur astronomer solved the blue absorption of the silver by also including a layer of aluminium, know to have a refractive index in the ultraviolet range.
Now it was necessary to turn the attention to the voltage potential and current level to be used. Already it had been determined by much experimentation that low direct current voltage up to 66 volts only allowed a few micro ampere to flow between two silver electrodes even just 25 mm apart. Considering that DC power supplies rated at several hundreds of milli ampere were generally in use. Obviously that system was not conducive for a higher current and perhaps the low voltage potentials were to blame. This motivated the thought that instead of a low voltage and a low current, it would be more appropriate to use an elevated voltage and determine at what voltage a reasonable amount of current would flow on the basis that water is a dielectric and something of an insulator of unknown resistance. The most practical voltage proved to be 240 volts alternating current full wave rectified according to the formula 240 x 1.4 = 336 volts DC. Initially a voltage double circuit was used providing both 336 and 672 volts DC. To my amazement current flows of 500 micro ampere and 1.5 milli ampere (a three-fold increase) respectively became a reality even over a distance of 200mm and more.
The third problem to solve was the high absorption of water to just about all wavelengths of visible light and increasing sharply as wavelengths become shorter. At 200nm even glass and air will stop ultraviolet from penetrating. You can imagine the surprise of discovering that at exactly the same wavelength as the absorption of violet at about 420nm, pure water becomes totally transparent. The best of both worlds. Producing reconstituted quantum based pico and nano metre sized collections of neutral atomic clusters suddenly became a reality. There was also a bonus by way of 420nm violet light dictated a constant cluster size between 3 and 10nm under normal refrigerated conditions at a constant and limited current of mostly 500 micro ampere. This provides a concentration of around 10ppm (10mg/l) in a time frame of 48 hours. I thought that this was the end of my research, but I I was very wrong and soon I had to pay attention to the purity of all the elements involved, i.e. the actual silver electrodes, the purity of the water and the stability of the voltage potential and current level. These became more important than the production of the silver itself, especially the type of water used. In addition it became obvious that some form of quality control and monitoring instrumentation were absolutely necessary to ensure a consistent and predictable outcomes. The problem here was the total absence of appropriate equipment and instrumentation. This meant a return to my skills in electronics and optics.
Water is a dielectric and its actual resistance and ability to allow current or charge carrier (ionic) flow is virtually impossible to judge. The only item of certainty is the equilibrium of water which presently stands at 1.23 volt DC. This means that exceeding this voltage potential is a cause of breaking up the water molecules into their respective gasses Hydrogen and Oxygen and a complete polarisation of the water in the process. In addition the production process of pico and nano silver is based on ionisation and Photon-Electron Transfer, i.e. providing hydrated electrons in the water to convert silver ions into neutral silver by photonic collisions at 420nm. So far a number of prototype instruments have been designed and constructed and tested on their ability to accurately measure ionic content, concentration, parallel resistance factors and determining contamination levels by both electronic and optical means. One instrument in particular is referred to as the Linear Cross Polarisation Light Scattering Spectrophotometer, combining both a nephelometer and a densitometer all in one. All instruments have been designed with simplicity and economics in mind, so that any one involved in this science is able to own one. On that score, the following range of instruments will be presented. These are:
A very precise water purity tested for ionic content boasting an input resistance and conductivity range of 10,000 million Ohm resistance and conductivity in ampere/hour at an accuracy of 1 micro ampere over 100 micro ampere. The system is based on Ohm’s Law.
A concentration tester based on analogue electronics with an accuracy of single digit ppm or mg/l. between 1 pf (10 -12 ) to nano farads (10 -9 )
An analogue electronics based parallel resistance factor instrument able to measure current flow between two separated and submersed electrodes as if it were a resistance, to an accuracy of 1 Ohm over a million Ohm.
An analogue electronics and optics based instrument referred to as a Linear Cross polariser and light scattering instrument, able to detect turbidity, light scattering of all content and light scattering from just the silver content and all quantified by photo sensing. By including a pass filter at 420nm it will also darken the scattered light from silver, hereby proving there is silver in the mix.
The foregoing text is mindful of the present status of silver as an effective biocide and operating without any support from SCIENCE in general. After Eight decades of nonsense trials this substance has never been accurately described, written about and classified as to what actually it is. As a direct result there exist no official International or local standard and/or protocols on its use in medicine. Instead the existing ignorance promoted by proponents of Wet Chemistry has resulted in its banning by the governments of many Countries and an adherence to stick to production procedures reminiscent of Alchemy such as in the use of Silver nitrate even today.
This negligent attitude toward the use of silver in clinical trials is evidenced by NO paper that I have ever downloaded or have sighted, saying anything about the material the subject of the trials. It is almost as if detailing the silver used is irrelevant and irrespective of any contamination, ionic state and in some trials the erroneous use of finely pulverised metallic silver and hiding that fact. On another serious note, silver, copper and gold are by definition a source of free radicals generally referred to as the Oligo-dynamic effect and the actual killing factor in the indiscriminate eradication of bacteria and some fungi. Silver is also a Transitional Metal that can be accidentally turned into unstable isotope of about 40 different varieties. Using exceedingly high voltages such as 200Kv, may actually induce transmutation of the metal.
Presently the use of pico and nano sized suspended silver is only for topical applications, as so far there appears to be no research into the ability of single digit nano silver to breach the blood/brain barrier, Neither are there any official clinical trials held in vivo. It does show that a great deal of research still needs to be done. The problem with that is that the increase of so-called Super Bugs AKA Drug Resisting Bacteria or their lesser known name Biofilm Protected Bacteria are on the rise and are increasingly immune to our current arsenal of Antibiotics that are one by one starting to fail. What needs to be done is the installation of an International Standard for production and protocols on its use. Most other things in life seem over regulated and silver is not other than being banned tom crossing International borders. It is for that reason my aim to set up a Testing Station, where all aspects of pico and nano suspended silver can be ratified and quality assured.
For the moment the new website: hanslarooresearch.com, will continue to provide more and more material to aid in the study of what I would call “Interfacial Silver Science” and allow continued research into this substance for many years to come.